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Practical publications

Unilever Sustainable Living Plan, MAUSER, ANNIEK , Chocoa 2014, 03/2014, Amsterdam, (2014) , (Practical Publication)
Nigeria Hikes Target on Cocoa Production , Nzeka, Uche M., and Nicely Russ , 05/2014, (2014) , (Practical Publication)
An Assessment of Investment in Technology in Cocoa Processing Industry in Nigeria, , Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development , 05/2014, Volume 5, Issue 10, Akure, (2014) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa Quality Index Proposal, .R, AraujoQ, and al FernandesC.A.F et , 05/2014, (2014) , (Practical Publication)
Fertilizer use among Cocoa Farmers in Ghana: The case of the Sefwi Wiawso District, Nunoo, Isaac, Frimpong Benedicta Nsiah, and Frimpong Frederick Kwabena , Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, (0) , (Practical Publication)
Impact of Collective Marketing by Cocoa Farmers’ Organizations in Cameroon , Kamdem, Cyrille Bergaly, Tameko André Melachio, Ndeffo Luc Nembot, and Gockwoski James , 2013 Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia, 09/2013, Tunisia, (2013) , (Practical Publication)

Commodities under neoliberalism: the case of cocoa

sjon van 't hof's picture
TitleCommodities under neoliberalism: the case of cocoa
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsHaque, Irfan Ul
Date Published2004///
InstitutionUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development
CityNew York and Geneva
Publication Languageeng
Keywordseconomic policies, farmer income, globalization, liberalization, markets & policies

The paper examines the case of cocoa as an illustration of the problems faced by primary commodity producers and attempts to show that the conditions are favourable for cocoa producers to coordinate their production policies in order to maintain satisfactory cocoa prices, which is needed to arrest the erosion of incomes of cocoa producers. The impact of market liberalization in cocoa producing countries as well as consuming industrial countries on the cocoa price and cocoa farmers is examined. The paper shows that the market liberalization cannot be held responsible for such improvements in productive efficiency as occurred over time, which was one of the two stated goals of these measure. Nor is there convincing evidence that the producer’s share in the export price increased, which was the other goal. A serious consequence of the preoccupation with market liberalization, however, was that it diverted attention from the main concerns of cocoa producers, viz., the market volatility, low prices, and the declining producer’s share in the value chain. The paper then goes on to explore the kinds of action that might be considered to address these issues. It makes a case for filling the institutional vacuum that has been created as a result of the abolition of state marketing authorities in several cocoa producing countries.


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