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Academic publications

Evaluation of river sand as a medium for raising cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seedlings, Konlan, Sampson, and Opoku-Agyeman Michael Obour , American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry , 06/2014, Volume 2, Issue 4, Online, p.120, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Developing strategic coffe and cocoa research agendas, , Developing a strategic research agenda for cocoa and coffee, 05/2014, Wageningen, (0) , (Academic Publication)

Geographical Indication (GI) Options for Ethiopian Coffee and Ghanaian Cocoa's picture
TitleGeographical Indication (GI) Options for Ethiopian Coffee and Ghanaian Cocoa
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOguamanam, Chidi, and Dagne Teshager
Book TitleInnovation & Intellectual Property: Collaborative Dynamics in Africa
Paginationpp 77-108
PublisherUCT Press
CityCape Town
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywords''agricultural services'', ''cocoa'', ''coffee'', ''quality''

This chapter outlines research into the Ethiopian coffee and Ghanaian cocoa industries that sought to determine the potential for the local communities and diverse stakeholders participating in the two industries to benefit from sui generis geographical indications (GIs). The research was premised on the notion that GIs have the potential to serve as instruments for practical adaptation of intellectual property (IP) to open development.

It was found that the degree to which GIs could be successfully and sustainably used as tools of place-based intellectual property (PBIP) - i.e. instruments of origin-designation - for Ethiopian coffee and Ghanaian cocoa would likely depend on the economic implications of the establishment of legal and institutional structures; maintaining the ''quality, reputation or characteristics'' of the products; enforcing and defending rights; and developing product awareness in international markets (TRIPS, 1994). These tasks involve significant cost and effort that would need to be measured and weighed against the expected benefits.


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