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Academic publications

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2014, Potts, Jason, and Lynch Matthew , 06/2014, p.135-155, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Cultural Elements and Women Subservient Roles among Cocoa Farm Families in Southwest Nigeria: Implications for HIV Prevention Strategies., , and A. Lawal O. , IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 05/2014, Volume 7, Issue 5, Nigeria, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Challenges of farmers’ innovativeness in central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia A, Gebre, Girma Gezimu, and Zegeye Dawit Mamo , International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research, 05/2014, Volume 2, Issue 5, Ethiopia, p.223, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Gender and Asset Ownership: Recent Agriculture Development Interventions in Africa , Ncube, Mthuli, and Lufumpa Charles Leyeka , Africa Economics & Financial Brief, 01/2014, Volume 5, Issue 1, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Effect of crude oil price on Cocoa production in Nigeria (1961-2008): A cointergration and error correction modelling approach, Binuomote, S. O., and Odeniyi K. A. , Wilolud Journal, 09/2013, Volume 3, Issue 23, Nigeria, p.30, (2013) , (Academic Publication)

Market Discrimination, Market Participation and Control over Revenue: A gendered analysis of Cameroon’s cocoa producers

TitleMarket Discrimination, Market Participation and Control over Revenue: A gendered analysis of Cameroon’s cocoa producers
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBanerjee, Debosree, and Klasen Stephan
Date Published05/2014
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsgender & livelihoods

Using micro level data from Cameroon this paper applies the theories of intrahousehold bargaining to models in which farmers decide whether to take up cocoa marketing on their own or to rely on others. Depending on their decision, sharing rules are shaped within the household on who controls what proportion of the proceeds. We make precise the idea that market participation by female farmers provides them with higher bargaining power and thus higher control over the proceeds. Our data, however, indicate female farmers market participation is hindered by existing price discrimination which in turn reduces their intrahousehold bargaining. We find if farmers are marketing their produce individually, male farmers could reap higher benefit than female farmers by negotiating a higher price. Consequently, market participation by female farmers is discouraged as they decide to hand over marketing to a male in the family in order to generate higher revenue from cocoa sell. This reduces their control over the proceeds as the individual involved in marketing could now claim a share in the revenue. Alternatively, instead of individual marketing, when farmers and essentially the male farmers adopt collective marketing strategy benefit accrued remains same across all gender; and female market participation along with their control over the proceeds is improved.



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