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Academic publications

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2014, Potts, Jason, and Lynch Matthew , 06/2014, p.135-155, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
FAIR TRADE – CONTRADICTING OR COMPLEMENTING SE? A critical research on RISE's Fair Trade activities within a social entrepreneurial framework, Gottlieb, Mikkel , Department Psychology and Eduction, 06/2014, Volume Social Entrepreneurship and Management, Roskilde, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Cultural Elements and Women Subservient Roles among Cocoa Farm Families in Southwest Nigeria: Implications for HIV Prevention Strategies., , and A. Lawal O. , IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 05/2014, Volume 7, Issue 5, Nigeria, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
The Role of Cooperative Organizations in Rural Community Development in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges, Hussain, Muhammad Shehu , Academic Research International , 05/2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, NIGERIA., (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Early Life Circumstance and Mental Health in Ghana, Adhvaryu, Achyuta, Fenske James, and Nyshadham Anant , CSAE (Centre for the study of African Economies) Working Paper WPS/2014-03, 01/2014, (2014) , (Academic Publication)

Sustainable management of Nestlé’s cocoa supply chain in the Ivory Coast : focus on labor standards

sjon van 't hof's picture
TitleSustainable management of Nestlé’s cocoa supply chain in the Ivory Coast : focus on labor standards
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2012
Date Published2012///
Publication Languageeng
Keywordscapacity building, certification, chain governance, child labour, Ivory Coast, labour standards, markets & policies, multinationals, prices, private sector policies, procurement

In January 2012, during the affiliation process of Nestlé with the Fair Labor Association, FLA sent independent experts to Ivory Coast to attempt to map the cocoa supply chain of Nestlé. The assessment team visited a total of 7 suppliers, 20 co-ops and 2 co-op unions, and 87 farms. Both traceable and untraceable standard supply chains were mapped. Main conclusions of the FLA report: (1) Nestlé is well positioned to make a large positive impact on the livelihoods of workers in the cocoa supply chain; (2) the Nestlé Cocoa Plan and participation in other initiatives provide the building blocks for a more deep reaching program; (3) with some adjustments and improvements, the Nestlé Cocoa Plan has the makings of a well-rounded development program; (4) several risks in terms of labor standards have been identified, especially in the areas child labour, forced labour, health and safety, discrimination and compensation; (5) child labour is still a reality on cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire and has its roots in a combination of factors; (6) large parts of the supply chain are shared with other industry actors; and (7) farming communities and governments play a crucial role in the development of a sustainable cocoa sector.


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