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Academic publications

Evaluation of river sand as a medium for raising cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seedlings, Konlan, Sampson, and Opoku-Agyeman Michael Obour , American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry , 06/2014, Volume 2, Issue 4, Online, p.120, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Sustainable cocoa - a matter of taste?, Laven, Anna, and van der Kooij Susanne , Origin Chocolate Event, 10/2013, Royal Tropical Institute , (2013) , (Academic Publication)
Climate Change Awareness and Coping Strategies of Cocoa Farmers in Rural Ghana, Codjoe, Francis Nana Yaw, Ocansey Charles K., Boateng Dennis O., and Ofori Johnson , Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 08/2013, (2013) , (Academic Publication)
Market study of fine flavour cocoa (revised version) , van der Kooij, Susanne , October/2013, Amsterdam, (2013) , (Academic Publication)

Tradeoffs between income, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning during tropical rainforest conversion and agroforestry intensification

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TitleTradeoffs between income, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning during tropical rainforest conversion and agroforestry intensification
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsSteffan-Dewenter, I., Kessler M., Barkmann J., Bos M. M., Buchori D., Erasmi S., Faust H., Gerold G., Glenk K., Gradstein S. R., Guhardja E., Harteveld M., Hertel D., Höhn P., Kappas M., Köhler S., Leuschner C., Maertens M., Marggraf R., Migge-Kleian S., Mogea J., Pitopang R., Schaefer M., Schwarze S., Sporn S. G., Steingrebe A., Tjitrosoedirdjo Sri S., Tjitrosoemito S., Twele A., Weber R., Woltmann L., Zeller M., and Tscharntke T.
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Date Published2007
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsagricultural economics, agroforestry, biodiversity, farmers & production, green production, Indonesia, shade grown, Southeast Asia, Sulawesi

This article describes the evaluation of opposing land use strategies in cacao agroforestry in Sulawesi, Indonesia, by using data on species richness of nine plant and animal taxa, six related ecosystem functions, and on socioeconomic drivers of agroforestry expansion. Expansion of cacao cultivation by 230% in the last two decades was triggered not only by economic market mechanisms, but also by rarely considered cultural factors. The authors conclude that low-shade agroforestry provides the best available compromise between economic forces and ecological needs. Certification schemes for shade-grown crops may provide a market-based mechanism to slow down current intensification trends.

Farmers & production


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