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Academic publications

Some Challenges in the Cocoa industry, Etoa, Pierre , Chocoa 2014, 03/2014, Amsterdam, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
FAIR TRADE – CONTRADICTING OR COMPLEMENTING SE? A critical research on RISE's Fair Trade activities within a social entrepreneurial framework, Gottlieb, Mikkel , Department Psychology and Eduction, 06/2014, Volume Social Entrepreneurship and Management, Roskilde, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
The Role of Cooperative Organizations in Rural Community Development in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges, Hussain, Muhammad Shehu , Academic Research International , 05/2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, NIGERIA., (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Partnerships intervening in global food chains: the emergence of co-creation in standard-setting and certification, Vellema, Sietze, and van Wijk Jeroen , Journal of Cleaner Production, 04/2014, Volume XXX, Netherlands, p.9, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
SOLOMON ISLANDS COCOA VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS, Vadnjal, Dan, and Pelomo Moses , 04/2014, p.35, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Quality of Vietnamese cocoa liquor and butter, Phuc, Cat-Hanh Nguyen , Faculty of Bioscience Engineering - University of Gent (Belgium), 2013, Volume Msc., Gent, (2013) , (Academic Publication)
A product chain organisation study of certified Cocoa supply, Afrane, George, Arvidsson Rickard, Baumann Henrikke, Borg Josefin, Keller Emma, Canals Llorenç Milà í, and Selmer Julie K. , The 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, 08/2013, Gothenburg, (2013) , (Academic Publication)
Internal Marketing Policy of Cocoa in Ghana: Farmers’ Incentives and Challenges, Adu-Appiah, A., A. Seini Wayo, Mensah-Bonsu A., and Dzomeku B.M. , International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 12/2013, Volume 4, Issue 4, p.664, (2013) , (Academic Publication)
Sustainable cocoa - a matter of taste?, Laven, Anna, and van der Kooij Susanne , Origin Chocolate Event, 10/2013, Royal Tropical Institute , (2013) , (Academic Publication)

Unsustainable development: Alternative food networks and the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers, 1995 - 2010's picture
TitleUnsustainable development: Alternative food networks and the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers, 1995 - 2010
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMelo, Cristian J., and Hollander Gail M.
Date Published08/2013
InstitutionElsevier Journal of Rural Studies
Keywordsalternative food networks, alternative trade, certification, trade

Although alternative trade have become a de facto prescription for any location where there is a need to conciliate economic interest with conservation imperatives, the discursive concept of equalitarian partnerships hides the fact that what for consumers is a matter of choice, for producers is a matter of survival. Producers must meet the demands of their partners to gain access to capital and markets. We explore the results of these unequal alliances with a case study centered on the experiences of the Ecuadorian Federation of Cocoa Producers (FEDECADE) and its 15 years long experience with alternative trade/sustainable development projects focused on the shade-grown fine cocoa variety known as “Nacional.” We found that the external agencies that implemented alternative trade in FEDECADE made assumptions, none of which were fully meet at the end of the projects. Our findings point out to the paradoxical nature of alternative trade schemes, because the success of a scheme ultimately leads to loss of profitability from a farmer’s perspective.


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